Jesus Christ’s Death, Literal or Figurative?

There is a principle in theology which says that “he who has no firm foundation on the fundamental beliefs of Christianity is prone to falling into or developing heretical beliefs.” This saying is true considering that heretical groups like the gnosticism holds doctrines that are contrary to what the apostles had taught. This is also true to some people who cannot reconcile God’s immutability and that of the death of Jesus Christ on the cross. These people hold the belief that Christ death on the cross was not literal but only figurative. They argued that since Jesus Christ is God, he is immutable, therefore his death cannot be taken literally but only in figurative sense. This is a very dangerous hypothesis because the entire Christian faith hinges on the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. If Jesus Christ did not die on the cross it means he did not resurrect from the dead, henceforth everything in Christianity was based only on stories perpetuated by Christ’s disciples and not on actual historical facts. Continue reading


Hindi Dios Si Jesus Dahil Hindi Niya Alam Ang Araw Ng Paghuhukom?

Sagot Ni Fr. Fran Villegas,

29136456_1975835272679544_983392071622590464_nAlam ng Dios ang lahat nang bagay (1 Juan 3: 20). Pero merong hindi alam si Jesus – ang takdang panahon ng Paghuhukom. Samakatwid, hindi Dios si Jesus.

Iyan ang tuligsa ng mga Iglesia Ni Cristo (Manalo-1914), Mga Saksi ni Jehovah, at iba pang sekta na hindi naniniwala sa pagka-Dios ng Panginoong Jesuscristo.

Sipiin natin ang talatang kanilang pinagbabatayan. Kunin natin ito mula na kay San Marcos dahil sa kay San Mateo (24: 36) merong mga textual variants na pinag-dedebatehan pa ng mga dalubhasa sa Biblia. Ganito ang wika, “Ngunit walang nakakaalam ng araw o ng oras na iyon, kahit ang mga anghel sa langit, o ang Anak man. Ang Ama lamang ang nakakaalam nito.” (Marcos 13: 32 MBB)
Ang standard na sagot sa tuligsang ito laban sa pagka-Dios ni Jesus ay: Alam ni Jesus ang takdang panahon ng Paghuhukom bilang Dios, pero bilang tao hindi Nya alam. Continue reading

Is There A Human Person In Christ?

464934517Catholic theology teaches us that in Jesus Christ there are two natures Divine and Human, and these natures are hypostatically united in one hypostasis (Person), therefore we can say that Jesus Christ is true God and true Man. Despite the clarity of the Church’s teaching concerning Jesus Christ and his two natures there is always the tendency from people whether they are learned in theology like Nestorius and those who have no formal theological training to separate the natures of Christ from his person and employ misapplication predicates to shed light in Christological mysteries like how God who is immutable and eternal can be born and die.  Their solution for this dilemma is to separate Christ in to two persons, a human person and divine person. They argued that every human actions of Christ being born, getting tired, grief, suffering and death should be attributed to his human person. Whereas, actions belonging to his divine nature such as his miracles must be attributed to his divine person. The Council of Ephesus has already condemned this kind of view that in Christ there are two persons one divine and the other human. The belief that in Christ there are two persons is heretical and must not be adhered to by Catholics. Continue reading


Paul, Apostle Of Christ, Must Be on Your Movie Watch List This 2018


In 2004 Mel Gibson released the movie entitled “The Passion of Christ”, the story was based on the Gospels themselves and nothing was added to the details of the story. Mel Gibson with Jim Caviezel will release the sequel of the movie entitled “Paul, Apostle of Christ”.

This sequel is based on the life of St. Paul, before his conversion to the Catholic faith he spearheaded the persecution of Christians.


The God-Human Actions Of Jesus Christ

The divinity of Christ has been a subject of numerous books and articles but very few explored the relationship between Christ’s Divine and Human nature to its hypostasis. Because of the scarcity of reading materials concerning the subject a lot of people especially those who have no proper philosophical and theological training speculated different teachings concerning it. Great danger lies with heterodox speculations because it can lead to propagation of heresy. The Church and her saints labored to defend the dignity of the Incarnation of the second Person of the Holy Trinity we cannot just let people theologically trained or untrained ruin it.

To start with the basics we have to first define and differentiate “Nature” and “Person”. According to Frank Sheed in his book “Theology for beginners”, “Nature” is defined as the source of operation which means it provides the operation for a specific action. “Person” on the other hand is defined as the doer of the action or the ones who performs the action provided by the nature. For example, a bird can fly because its nature as a bird dictates that it can fly, a fish can breathe and live underwater because its nature as a fish dictates that it can do so. However, humans can neither fly nor breathe and live underwater because it is not part of our nature as humans. Therefore, our actions are limited only to what our “natures” can supply.

In Jesus Christ there are two natures “Divine” and “Human” logically this would lead to Christ having two source and mode of operation Divine and Human. Jesus Christ can perform activities belonging to God like performing miracles, resurrecting the dead, walking on water and changing water into wine. Since Jesus also possess a human nature he can perform actions that belongs to human beings like sleeping, being born, getting tired, needs to eat, suffer and die. Jesus Christ though having two natures does not mean that there are two persons in Christ, that view of Christ is heretical which the Church calls Nestorianism.

According the the Catechism of the Catholic Church Jesus Christ is only one person, a Divine Person, and all his actions may it be from His Divine and Human nature is attributed to his Person not to his natures. Remember, nature is the source of operation it is not the one who performs the action, it is always Jesus Christ, a Divine Person who performs the act. In the Gospels all actions performed by Christ whether it be miracles, suffering and dying are all attributed to him, his Divine person. Thus, the Catechism of Trent said “God died, God Suffered and God was buried”, these are all human actions performed by a Divine Person (Jesus Christ) , thus it was said to be God’s.